Promoting gender equality and empowering women is Goal 3 of the Millennium Development Goals for 2015. Gender development is particularly important in terms of the human health impacts of climate change. It is disease and not disasters that account for the vast majority of human deaths due to climate change. Higher temperatures and stress on water and food supplies affect human health, increasing susceptibility to malnutrition, diarrhea and malaria. Children are hit hardest by these illnesses, as gender disparities in access to resources limit the ability of society as a whole to provide adequate care for children at the local level. In addition, a disproportionate number of women have limited access to the care and resources they need to support themselves and climate change only exacerbates these conditions of poverty.
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