In the drought-ravaged Gedo region of Somalia, obtaining water can involve treks of 20km or more. ©Mohamed Gaarane/IRIN, IRINNews.org
Programmes from the Monitor’s Adaptation Performance Review address the effects of climate change on water safety in order to reduce the incidence of water-bourne diseases and diseases from unwashed food products. Implementing accessible water supply systems also reduces the work involved in obtaining safe water, a task often delegated to women. In India, for example, searching for water occupies an average of 2 hours per day. The Monitor’s suggestions for water programmes include canal lining, water desalination procedures, and the installation of hand water pumps, standposts and house connections. All of these programmes enhance availability, access and efficiency of water use in the face of harsh climate conditions.
|Fresh water being poured into a jerrycan. Harshin district, in the eastern Somali region of Ethiopia. © Siegfried Modola/IRIN, IRINNews.org|
A woman fetches water in Dhaka, Bangladesh, July 2007. Bangladesh is one of the world's most densely populated countries, its people crammed into a delta of rivers that flows into the Bay of Bengal, © Manoocher Deghat/IRIN, IRINNews.org
|A woman harvests rain water from a dry river bed in Makueni, Kenya. © Manoocher Deghati/IRIN, IRINNews.org|
|Mary Muntari collects water from a stream in Kachia, in Kaduna State Nigeria. September 2009. © Kate Holt/IRIN, IRINNews.org|